What is ozone?
Ozone is a form of
oxygen. The most abundant type of oxygen in the atmosphere is the
diatomic form, O2. Under certain conditions, oxygen can be coaxed into
its tri-atomic form known as ozone or O3.
Ozone is an
unstable molecule, meaning that it quickly reverts back to the more common
diatomic oxygen (O2). At room temperature, about half the ozone present
disappears every twenty minutes. This short half-life is the reason ozone
must be produced at, or close to, the point of use.
What does ozone do?
Ozone is a powerful sanitizer. It kills nearly every known pathogen,
including common bacteria, viruses, molds and fungi. Ozone is also one of
the most effective deodorizers known to man. In contrast to chlorine,
ozone actually improves the taste and odor of water. There is a lengthy
and successful history of ozone use for human, water and air treatment.
Is ozone safe for people?
In its gaseous form, ozone has been known to be an irritant to humans, and
there are strict guidelines on safe levels for both short and long-term
exposure. In many applications, ozone is dissolved in water to make it
safe to use and easy to handle. There are no defined exposure limits for
ozone in water as it is generally regarded as safe (GRAS). Ozone was
discovered in 1840 and has been used effectively on humans as a successful
health treatment since 1870. Click here for more facts and frequently
asked questions on Ozone & Oxidative Therapy.
Is ozone harmful to the environment?
No, Ozone is part of the environment and occurs naturally and disappears
too rapidly to have a lasting effect on the natural environment. In fact,
most naturally occurring ozone is produced when lightening strikes. The
“fresh” smell after a thunderstorm is partly due to ozone.
Using ozone as a cleaning agent is actually better for the environment
than using chemical cleaners. When chlorine or triclosan (the most common
antibacterial agent in consumer soaps) are used, they remain in the water
supply and can produce cancer-causing by-products. In fact triclosan has
been shown to decay into dioxins which disrupt the endocrine systems in
fish. In contrast, the primary by-product of ozone is oxygen, and ozone
leaves no chemical residue behind.
Is ozone as effective as chemical sanitizers?
Most conventional sanitizers work by a chemical process called oxidation.
The higher the “oxidizing potential” (a measure of oxidizing power) the
more effective a substance is at killing germs. Ozone has a higher
oxidizing potential than chlorine or chlorine bleach. In fact, ozone has
the highest oxidizing potential of any substance that can be readily
produced. As ozone reverts to diatomic oxygen it creates oxygen radicals
and hydroxyl radicals which are also highly oxidizing.
|Oxygen Radical (O-)
|Hypochlorous Acid (Bleach)
Can I drink water that has
been treated with ozone?
Holland first used ozone treated municipal water in 1893. In the 21st
century, nearly every water-bottling facility uses ozone to sanitize both
the water and the bottles. Ozone has been used successfully in municipal
water treatment for over a hundred years. Ozone kills bacteria in the
water and has been shown to remove unwanted tastes, odors and even some
trace contaminants like pesticides or pharmaceuticals. In time, the ozone
reverts back to normal atmospheric oxygen (O2).
It is unclear if there are long-term effects are of drinking water that
contains high levels of ozone. However, the acute effects of ingesting
ozonated water are negligible compared to conventional cleaners such as
chlorine bleach and ammonia. It is inadvisable to drink any cleaning
solution. A significant proportion of poisoning incidents involve
children and household cleaners. Ozonated water is produced on demand
(rather than stored in containers) and has no acute effects, so the use of
ozonated water may improve household safety.
Is it safe to use ozone on food?
Yes! and better to do so with the raging issues
regarding food borne illnesses.
The US FDA has approved ozone for use in sanitizing foods and surfaces
that contact foods. In fact, ozone is approved for use on foods that are
labeled as “organic”. This means that an “organic” apple can be washed
with ozonated water and remain an “organic” apple. When used as directed,
the ozonated water would kill >99.9% of e coli, salmonella or other
pathogens on the surface of the food.
Ozone not only kills germs on food, it has also been shown to extend
shelf life. Washing foods in ozonated water kills decay-causing bacteria
on the suface. In addition, ozone destroys ethylene gas, which acts as a
ripening agent in fruits and vegetables.
How long does ozone last?
Once created, it takes about 20 minutes for half of the O3 to revert back
to its preferred state of O2. This short half-life means that ozone must
be generated at the point of use. Since ozone’s half-life decreases with
increasing temperature, ozone is most effective in cool or cold water.
Extend life of ozonated drinking water by refrigeration. Dissipates
yet lasts up to 7 days when kept chilled.
What are the conventional methods for producing ozone?
There are three forms of producing Ozone for therapeutic devices.
Conventional ozone generators use a process that mimics the production of
ozone during lightening strikes. An oxygen-containing inert gas is exposed to
high-voltage electricity that creates sparks in a “corona discharge tube”
creating a plasma field. Electrolytic techniques utilizing anode and
cathode with DC power may be used in water. In some cases, UV light
may be used instead of electricity to break down the
oxygen molecules, but the general principle remains the same.
How is electrolytic ozone generation like in the PureCharge Energetic Spa
different from conventional ozone technologies as in AquaLab?
Electrolytic techniques produce ozone directly in a water stream
without an input gas. The construction of an electrolytic cell is fairly
simple. An anode and cathode are placed in contact with opposite sides of
a proton exchange membrane (PEM) or electrolytic solution. When DC power is supplied to the cell,
water flowing over the surface of the anode is broken down into its
constituent hydrogen and oxygen atoms. If the correct anode material is
chosen, the oxygen atoms assemble as O3 in preference to O2. Hydrogen
ions (protons) migrate through the membrane or the solution and form H2 at the cathode
What are the advantages of electrolytic ozone generation like the
Because electrolytic cells create ozone directly in water, they offer
several advantages over corona systems. These include:
|No need for feed gas (oxygen
concentrators or oxygen tanks)|
|No moving parts |
|Fewer safety and training concerns since ozone is off-gassed as
|Operation with low-voltage, DC power|
|Easier control since there is a linear relationship between input
power and dissolved oxygen - hydrogen output|
|Small mechanical footprint|
What are the disadvantages of electrolytic ozone generation?
Electrolytic generators work very well for small-scale ozone generation,
but their cost is directly related to the size of the anodes. For
systems requiring 10 g/h of ozone and above, cold plasma corona discharge systems are
more economical and create a purer 'medical grade' ozone for therapeutic
Ozone & Oxygen
Therapy -- Facts & Figures
1a. In 1972,
The International Association for Oxygen Therapy was founded by
Dr. George Freibott as the successor to the Eastern Association for Oxygen Therapy of
1913. In 1977, Dr. Renate Viebahn provided an overview of ozone's biological
action. In 1979, Dr. George Freibott successfully treated a Haitian AIDS
patient suffering Kaposi's sarcoma with ozone.
Click here for Catalytic
Bio-Oxidative HOMOZON - Blass Therapy
1. In 1978 FDA reports 1.5 million
people were hospitalized in the USA due to side effects from medication;
each year approximately 140,000 people die from prescription drug usage,
(no doubt this figure has increased in recent years). On the other hand,
medical ozone has been legally used in clinics worldwide on a daily
basis since the forties. In Germany, 644 ozone therapists were surveyed
and they reported 384,775 patients had received 5,579,238 ozone
treatments. The side-effect rate was only .0007% during 5.5 million
dosages! Only 39 incidents of side-effects occurred and they were
typically minor irritations that quickly disappeared.
2. In 1983, Sweet, et al published an article in Science, entitled
“Ozone Selectively Inhibits Human Cancer Cell Growth.” Scientific
evidence that ozone stops cancer, yet ozone therapies has yet to be
embraced by mainstream medicine...?
3. In 1988,
Dr. Gerard Sunnen at the Bellevue Medical Center in New York
City, stated in an article entitled “Ozone in Medicine,”
was commonly used worldwide in: herpes, AIDS, flu, wounds, burns, staph
infections, fungal and radiation injuries, gangrene, colitis, fistula,
hemorrhoids anal infections, virus infections, hepatitis, cancer,
diabetes, arteriosclerosis, periodontal disease, intestinal and bladder
inflammations. Ozone baths can be used to treat eczema and skin ulcers,
ozone salve can treat skin ulcers and fungal growths.
4. In an
article by Fritz Schellander entitled, “Ozone Therapy” he
states that, ozone has an advantage over other free-radical producing
agents in that: not only are normal cells protected from the oxidative
effects of ozone, but – almost paradoxically – ozone appears to
promote a stimulation and activation of the enzymes involved in
free-radical scavenging thus enhancing immune responsiveness.
5. In 1986 a patent was issued to Medizone for
the "Ozone Decontamination of Blood & Blood Products" which states that
all stored blood can be decontaminated with ozone and all HIV would be
eliminated from blood banks. Is it in use? Why not?
6. In 1990,
Dr. Michael Carpendale
Chief of Rehabilitative Medicine
Administration San Francisco said, "ozone inactivates HIV at non-toxic
concentrations!" From the "Ozone and the Politics of
Medicine" Video. Threshold Film Inc. August 1993 Dr. Michael
Carpendale states, that he has conducted scientific research with ozone
for 22 years. In 1988, he co-authored startling new
evidence presented at the AIDS conference in Stockholm."We worked on the
AIDS virus to try and see how quickly we could inactivate this and at
the same time compare it to what effect that had on a healthy white
blood cell, and we found that we could produce an enormous inactivation
virus, reducing it from a million verions down to no viruses at all at
say 4 micrograms of ozone and twice that dose had no adverse effect on
the healthy white blood cell." In the FDA, drug companies have
representatives on nearly all the committees. If there's something that
may be very
effective and may under sell the average drug company, of course their
not going to be very pleased if that gets developed. It might be very
difficult for them to compete with that, and ozone is obviously
inexpensive to produce, it's very potent, and if it works...if it works
as half as well as the Germans claim it is, we should...everyone should
be using it."
7. In August 1993 Threshold Film Inc., "Ozone and the Politics of Medicine"
Video. Dr. Robert Atkins M.D. Atkins Center for Complementary
Medicine New York
From the video: "Well, I had an ozone generator, and we used it on all
our AIDS patients, just about all our cancer patients, and we used it on
the yeast patients which was really the largest
group. Generally we gave it intravenously, but what's called
autohemotherapy, where we pull the blood out, mix the blood with ozone,
and in a few minutes gave ozonated blood
back to the patient. We found that our cancer protocol, which includes
ozone, was effective and was keeping people alive, and without ever
having to require pain medicine, without loosing weight,
without any sign of deterioration. And then when we lost our ozone
machine, the patients began to go down hill. The FDA saw to it that our
manufacturer had to take away the business end of the machine, so we no
longer had an effective ozone generating machine. That's where we are
right now currently. I'm right now trying to figure out how to get
around that cause I believe, that my patients, need ozone. The process
of putting things through the FDA is so expensive that no small company
has a chance. Any small company that wants to put something through the
have to be bought up by a large conglomerate in the pharmaceutical
industry. And this, I think, is true in ozone as well. There just wasn't
enough money to fight the FDA."
Captain Mike Shannon M.D. Director Medical Operations Canadian National
Defense From the "Ozone and the Politics of Medicine"
Video, Threshold Film Inc. August 1993. Speaking on the video:
"I was shocked to discover that people traveled to various clinics in
Germany from virtually all over the world paying between two and three
thousand dollars cash on the table
American for six treatments - incredible." "Here I'm faced with a range
of potential clinical
applications, a huge number of people are using it, a patient base
that's worldwide paying big money for something - there's got to be
something in this. What is it?" "We certainly demonstrated that
Ozone was capable of deactivating the virus, but to our surprise, right
out at the absolute limits of concentration, so ten to the power of six
virus particles per cc, we still deactivated everything.
So very, very marked demonstration or profound demonstration of the
potential as an anti-viral agent here, and of course we're dealing not
with concentrations that are toxic to the
human, but in fact, concentrations of ozone that have been used in
Germany in clinics for the last 30 years with thousands of patients,
without any evidence of any harm." Inadvertently, we discovered that
this particular type of therapy has an incredible effect, a very, very
profound effect in terms of managing pain. I mean it had a very potent
analgesic effect. And secondly, we were able to
discover that blood that's ozonated actually triggers off the production
of Interlukin II [Sic], one of the immune regulators. So here we were
sitting on a very simplistic technology that had promise of
literally blowing the lid off of certainly North American medicine, or
North American pharmaceutics anyways." "When these people stand up
and say that this is what they found, in all likelihood, the pillars of
the establishment will start to shake a little bit anyways. It may still
be perceived as slightly off the wall and maybe they should go back and
check their data again, but chances are they're
going to catch the interest and imagination of a few anyways who will
replicate it and it will start to unfold."
OZONE Generator THERAPY - Not to be confused with
"Stabilized Oxygen" drops or supplements
Do not confuse "stabilized electrolytes of oxygen" (SEOs) with the Oxygenating
AquaLab Systems or
Click here for Catalytic
Bio-Oxidative HOMOZON - Blass Therapy.
SEO's are far from stabilized nor are they
oxygenators! The compounds commonly referred to as SEO's are compounds
that classify as oxidizers! Dr. Warburg stated to "flood the body with
OXYGEN" - not Chlorine. The majority of these
compounds found on the market today consist of a 2% to 20% dilution of very
noxious Sodium Chlorite, a compound that when diluted contains 123%
available chlorine. These compounds are known halogens and poisonous!
Unscrupulous dealers of wannabe "oxidizers/oxygenators" are pawning off the
quick effects of a chlorine kill off of pathogens as "oxygen therapies" - beware
they are NOT "Oxygen Therapy". These compounds contain drop for drop 2000
to 20,000 times the allowable EPA standards* for chlorine in potable drinking
water. (*National Standards ranging from .33-77 of a milligram per
standard liter). The chlorine content of the SEO's range from 2000 mg to
20,000+ per standard liter. Most health conscious individuals wouldn't
bathe or swim in chlorinated water, let alone drink water or any other liquid
with elevated levels of chlorine. Chlorine has been directly linked to
circulatory disorders and many other health disorders.
Read more about Ozone
Read more about Ozone
& Oxygen Therapy
Read more Technical details on Oxygen Therapies
Read more on Ozone Therapy Modalities
Read more FAQ's on Ozone Therapy
Click here for additional Oxygen Products -
Bio-Oxidative HOMOZON - Blass Therapy
Click here for more
Oxygen O2 / Ozone O3 Water Devices
Click here for
additional Detox Products - Electrolytic Ozone with Pure-Charge Energetic Spa
The preceding statements are made solely for the
purpose of disseminating information. Information given here is
for research, general information
and educational purposes only and is not intended to prescribe
treatment. AquaLab Ozone Therapy
System is an experimental therapeutic device and has not been
evaluated by the FTC or FDA and is not meant to cure, treat,
prevent disease, nor prescribe or to be used for diagnosis.
If you are seriously ill see your healthcare practitioner.
An authorized practitioner should monitor anyone with a
Pacemaker; an organ transplant; or who uses prescription drugs; or